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Police Innovation

Selected Reference Material

Prepared by:  Scott Prell ~  scott@futureofpolicing.com

 Click HERE for a downloadable .pdf version

General Reference

  •  National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS)

o   http://www.ncjrs.gov/

  •  Home Office

o   http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/

  •  Australian Institute of Criminology

o   http://www.aic.gov.au/

Harvard Executive Session on Policing and Public Safety

These paper are some of the best work on policing.  They are free and are available for download.  From the first session you have some of the best authors in policing from the late 1980's and early 1990's.  This session some of these same authors and the best current authors (in policing) are producing papers.  The first session inpacted policing for 20 years.  I am betting that the current session will have the same impact.

Here are the links to both sessions:

- Papers from the CURRENT (2010/2011) session

- Papers from PAST(1988/1993) session

  • Weisburd, David, and Anthony Allan Braga. Police Innovation: Contrasting Perspectives. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
  •  Maple, Jack, and Chris Mitchell. The Crime Fighter: How You Can Make Your Community Crime Free. New York: Broadway Books, 2000. (Once you know the theory about “Broken Windows” policing this is the best book on policing I ever read).
  •  Bratton, William J., and Peter Knobler. Turnaround: How America's Top Cop Reversed the Crime Epidemic. New York: Random House, 1998.



Problem Oriented Policing & Problem Solving

  •  Eck, John E., and William Spelman. Problem-Solving: Problem-Oriented Policing in Newport News. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Justice, National Institute of Justice, 1987.
  •  Goldstein, Herman. Problem-Oriented Policing. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990.
  •  Goldstein, Herman. "Improving Policing: A Problem-Oriented Approach." Crime and Delinquency. 25. 2 (1979): 236-58.
  •  Braga, Anthony A. Problem-Oriented Policing and Crime Prevention, 2nd Ed.  Willow Tree Press, 2008.
  •  Boba, Rachel; Crank, John P.. "Institutionalizing problem-oriented policing: rethinking problem solving, analysis, and accountability" Police Practice and Research (2008): 1-15
  •  Clarke, R. V. G., and John E. Eck. Crime Analysis for Problem Solvers in 60 Small Steps. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2005.

o   (Available at:http://www.popcenter.org/library/reading/PDFs/60steps.pdf)


Intelligence-Led Policing

  •  Ratcliffe, Jerry. Intelligence-Led Policing. Cullompton, Devon: Willan, 2008.

o   http://www.jratcliffe.net/ilp/

Community Policing

  •  Skolnick, Jerome H., and David H. Bayley. The New Blue Line: Police Innovation in Six American Cities. New York: Free Press, 1986.


Broken Windows (Order Maintenance/Quality of Life)

  • James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling (1982), 'Broken Windows: The Police and Neighborhood Safety', Atlantic Monthly, 249 (3), March, 29-36 and 38
  • Kelling, George L., and Catherine M. Coles. Fixing Broken Windows: Restoring Order and Reducing Crime in Our Communities. New York: Martin Kessler Books, 1996.


Pulling Levers

  • Kennedy, David M. "Pulling Levers: Chronic Offenders, High-Crime Settings, and a Theory of Prevention." Valparaiso University Law Review 31, no. 2 (Spring 1997).


Knowledge Based Policing

  • Sherman, Lawrence W. Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn't, What's Promising : a Report to the United States Congress. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, 1997.

(Website access http://www.ncjrs.org/works/wholedoc.htm)


Hot Spot Policing

  • Lawrence W. Sherman, Patrick R. Gartin, and Michael E. Buerger, "Hot Spots of Predatory Crime: Routine Activities and the Criminology of Place." Criminology 27: 27-55 (1989).


3rd party policing

  • Chapter 10 in  Weisburd, David, and Anthony Allan Braga. Police Innovation: Contrasting Perspectives. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2006.



  •  Newman, Oscar. Creating Defensible Space. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research, 1996.

o   http://www.defensiblespace.com/book.htm

  •  Crowe, Timothy D. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design: Applications of Architectural Design and Space Management Concepts. Boston, Mass: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000.



  • Silverman, Eli B. NYPD Battles Crime: Innovative Strategies in Policing. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1999.   (This book has been cited by some as a great COMPSTAT book.  It is at best an introduction)
  •  Henry, Vincent E. The COMPSTAT Paradigm: Management Accountability in Policing, Business, and the Public Sector. Flushing, NY: Looseleaf Law Publications, 2002. (I would try this book first for a great overview of COMPSTAT)